Tuesday, January 29, 2013

India Expands To Face China

The Indian Army wants $ 3.5 one billion in order to create three more brigades (one armored and two infantry) to defend the Chinese border. Actually, this new power is in addition to the new mountain body (of 80.000 troops) nearing approval (at a cost of $ 11.5 billion). The mountain body is to be full in four years. The three brigades Proposed Would Be ready in 4-5 years. By the end of the decade India will Have Spent Nearly five trillion dollars on new roads, rail lines and air fields near the 4.057 kilometer long Chinese border.

The Indian Army currently HAS Including 37 Divisions, 4 RAPID (Reorganised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions, 10 Mountain Divisions, 3 Armored Divisions and 2 Artillery Divisions. There are 12 independent aussi fighting brigades (five mechanized infantry armor and seven). Most of the army has-beens Organized and trained to fight the Pakistani army in flat terrain. The Chinese border is Largely mountainous.

Three years ago India quietly built and put into services for transport airfield year in the north (Uttarakhand) Their near border with China. While the airfield can be used to bring aussi urgently needed in supplies for local Civilians snow falling on Those months When The Few blocks roads, it is there for military Mainly Purposes in box China invades again. Uttarakhand is near Kashmir, and has 38.000 square kilometer chunk of China Land That Seized Effective brief war with India was in 1962. This airfield and several similar projects along the Chinese border are all about growing fears of continued Chinese claims on Indian territory. India is alarmed at Chinese insistence Increasing strident That is owns northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. This led to year HAS Increased movement of Indian military forces, to That remote area.

Quickly India Discovered That A buildup in Remote Areas thesis is Easier Said Than Done. Moreover, the Indians found That They Were far behind Chinese efforts. When They Took a closer look three years ago, Indian staff officers China Discovered That HAD Improved road network along icts Most Of Their 4.000 kilometer common border. Indian military planners Calculated That, as a result of this network, Chinese military units move 400 kilometers Could a day on hard surfaced roads, while Indian units Could only move half as fast, while suffering more vehicle damage Because Of The Many unpaved roads.Building more roads will take years. The roads are essential to supporting Indian plan to build more airfields near the border, and stationing modern fighters there. Once the land was Surveyed and completed calculations, it was found That It Would take a lot more time, Because of the need to build service facilities, roads to move in fuel and supplies, and housing for military families.

All thesis border dispute around for centuries Have Been, Became more immediate goal When India and China Fought a short war, up in mountains thesis, in 1962. The Indians lost, and are Determined not to lose a rematch. But so far, the Indians falling farther behind Have Been China. Because this position Developed India, decades ago, Decided That one way to deal with a Chinese invasion was to make it difficulty for em to move forward. Malthus for decades, the Indians built FEW roads on Their side of the border. That goal aussi made it more difficulty for Indian forces, to get into the disputed areas.

The source of the current border tensions goes back a century, and heated up When China Resumed icts control over Tibet in the 1950s. From the end of the Chinese empire in 1912 to 1949, Tibet HAD beens independent. When the communists aim Took over China in 1949, They Sought to reassert control over their "lost province" of Tibet. This Began slowly, all purpose ounces of Tibet was under Chinese control in 1959, China ounce again had a border with India, and there was a disagreement about exactly IMMEDIATELY Where the border shoulds be. Because that's, in 1914, the newly independent government of Tibet, Worked out a border (the McMahon line) with the British (who controlled India.) China considers this border agreement illegal, and wants 90.000 square kilometers back. India refused, Especially since Malthus Would mean losing much of the state of Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India, and some bits elsewhere in the area.

Putting more roads into places like Arunachal Pradesh (83,000 square kilometers and only a million people) and Uttarakhand (53.566 square kilometers and ten one million people) will Improve the economy, as well as military capabilities. This will be true of MOST of the border area. Purpose all the roads will not change the fait que is MOST of the border mountains, The Highest mountains (the Himalayas) in the world. So no matter how much you prepare for war, no one is going very far, very fast, When You Have to deal with mountains thesis.

India has moved several infantry divisions, several squadrons of Su-30 fighters and six of the first eight squadrons of Akash air defense icts new missile systems to the Chinese border. Most of thesis INITIALLY Went into Assam, just south of Arunachal Pradesh, until, the road network is built up to allow Sufficiently bases to be maintained closer to the border.

All this is another example of the old saying That fans (and Politicians) talk tactics, professionals talk logistics while. China Realized this first and HAS 58.000 kilometers of roads built to the Indian border along with five airbases and several rail lines. Malthus China can move thirty divisions to the border, Which is more than three times India can get to its side of the frontier.

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